The internet-based Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL iBT®) measures the ability to use and understand English at university level. More than 27 million people worldwide have taken the TOEFL® test to demonstrate their English-language proficiency.The average skill level in the test is between intermediate and advanced.

The test evaluates how well test takers combine their listening, reading, speaking and writing skills to perform academic tasks.

The TOEFL iBT® test is used for:

  • students planning to study at a higher education institution
  • admissions to or exit from English-language learning programmes
  • scholarship and certification candidates
  • English-language learners who want to track their progress
  • students and workers applying for visas.

The TOEFL® test has no definitive pass or fail score; individual institutions and agencies set their own score requirements.

Test content
The test combines all four skills: listening, reading, speaking and writing.
Tasks in the test call on more than one skill at a time. For example, test takers are asked to:

  • read, listen and then speak in response to a question
  • listen and then speak in response to a question
  • read, listen and then write in response to a question.

TOEFL iBT® test format


Time limit




60–80 minutes

36–56 questions

Read 3 or 4 passages from academic texts and then answer questions.


60–90 minutes

34–51 questions

Listen to lectures, classroom discussions and conversations, and then answer questions.


10 minutes


20 minutes

6 tasks

Express an opinion on a familiar topic. Speak about a topic after reading and listening to passages about it.


50 minutes

2 tasks

Write an essay in response to passages you have read and listened to. Support an opinion in writing.

Registration process

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